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How Does Investing Work? The Basics

How Does Investing Work? The Basics

Most people know they need to spend money to make money in the long term. Leaving your cash in a bank account for an extended period of time won’t always give you the benefits you’d hope for. However, if you use that money to buy shares in a specific company or organization, and the value of the business grows, you’ll be able to earn money on your purchase over time. 

For many people, this concept is somewhat daunting. Part of this comes from the fact that many people will prefer to have a full savings account for peace of mind than a diversified portfolio of shares. Another issue is for a long time, the opportunity to buy bonds, stocks, and mutual funds was reserved only for those with the most cash. The reality is that although the idea can be worrisome, investing correctly can be the best way to make your money work for you in the long-term. If you want to ensure you get ahead of the game with your finances, here’s what you need to know.

Making Money: How Do You Earn a Return?

The exact way you’ll make money when you decide to start using your assets to your advantage, will depend on the route you take with investing. There are many different ways to make your finances grow, and each kind of investment comes with sub categories to consider. For instance, imagine you wanted to get involved with shares and equities – one of the most common areas for beginners. This would involve buying a portion or small segment of a business which you hope will increase in value over time. One type of stock you could consider is the penny stock. These are slightly cheaper options in the market which aren’t entirely regulated, and often move a little more erratically than standard investments. 

Although penny stocks are more affordable than their counterparts, they can also be extremely volatile. It’s best to make sure you understand how the market works to make sure you’re going to make cash. Reviewing a guide with a watchlist of cheaper stocks to follow can help to keep you on the right track. Aside from ensuring you make money when the business appreciates in value, stocks can also pay out with things like dividends, which give you an alternative form of income. Outside of shares and equities, you can look into investing options like bonds which is when you essentially lend money out to another entity and make cash back on the interest of that loan. 

Is Investing Better than Saving?

The more you diversify your portfolio of assets and build out your earning opportunities over time, the more money you’re likely to make. This is one of the benefits of a financial advisor, they can do the work for you in terms of strategy, but you still get the ultimate decision. Of course, there’s no guarantee you’ll become rich with the right portfolio. Ultimately, there are risks to any form of investment, whether you’re trading on the stock market, or making long-term decisions with positions in growing companies. 

The risk involved with this kind of cash making strategy is one of the reasons why some people ignore the possibilities of investing entirely. However, the important thing to remember is saving cash (outside of the emergency funds you need as your safety blanket) in a bank account can have its risks too. Over time, your currency will naturally lose value due to inflation, and you’ll have no way of getting it back. 

The best thing you can do is extensive research into your options. Begin by making sure you have the savings in place to protect your family, no matter what happens in your life, such as losing your job, or dealing with an unexpected expense. You should also ensure you can afford to pay off any loans you have before you begin spending your money elsewhere.


This is particularly true if you’re looking for long-term strategies to make money. Only once you’ve gotten these two crucial considerations out of the way, should you begin looking into investment strategies which match your risk level. Consider sitting down with a financial advisor and talking through your options if you’re not sure where to get started. They may be able to help you understand what you’re capable of dealing with from a risk perspective.


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